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فَمَا أُوتِيتُم مِّن شَيْءٍ فَمَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا

وَمَا عِندَ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَى لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ

وَالَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الإثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ وَإِذَا مَا غَضِبُوا هُمْ يَغْفِرُونَ

وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَى بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَهُمُ الْبَغْيُ هُمْ يَنتَصِرُونَ

وَجَزَاء سَيِّئَةٍ سَيِّئَةٌ مِّثْلُهَا فَمَنْ عَفَا وَأَصْلَحَ فَأَجْرُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ

 إِنَّهُ لا يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ

This selection in brief: 

 MEANING OF WORDS

 

EXCERPTS FROM SURAH

AL-SHOORA (Surah 42) 

فَمَا أُوتِيتُم مِّن شَيْءٍ فَمَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا

وَمَا عِندَ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَى لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ

وَالَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الإثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ وَإِذَا مَا غَضِبُوا هُمْ يَغْفِرُونَ

وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَى بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَهُمُ الْبَغْيُ هُمْ يَنتَصِرُونَ

وَجَزَاء سَيِّئَةٍ سَيِّئَةٌ مِّثْلُهَا فَمَنْ عَفَا وَأَصْلَحَ فَأَجْرُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ إِنَّهُ لا يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ

What you are given (here) is a provision for the life of this world

and what is with Allah is better and more lasting for

those who believe, and who put their trust in their Lord.

who shun the major sins and offenses;

and, when angry they will forgive;

who respond to their Lord, establish Salat,

(conduct) their affairs with consultation among themselves;

who spend from what We have provided them;

and those who, when great wrong is done to them

seek to help (defend) themselves

The retribution of evil is the equal of evil (done);

but he who forgives and amends, his

recompense is with Allah.

Surely Allah does not like those who offend

 AYAH:  36-40

 

فَمَا أُوتِيتُم مِّن شَيْءٍ فَمَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا   go to top of page

What you are given (here) is a provision for the life of this world

 

    Opportunities are numerous and varied, but our course in life will depend on how we utilize such opportunities.  The attractions of life are numerous and they come in many forms and varieties.  They are made available by Allah (swt) to see how well we choose and manage our affairs in His Cause, and how we apply His guidance.

    Man is full of ambitions, desires, needs, and demands.  A person may go after social enhancement, power, money, fame or self-service and attain well.  But whatever the outcome of his toil, man's success has no permanent value except for what is done for the cause of Allah.

    Allah (swt) provided numerous attractions for all of us, to be utilized and enjoyed.  But this is truly a small measure if we are to compare it to what lies ahead in the heavenly bliss of Paradise.

 

وَمَا عِندَ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَى لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ    go to top of page

and what is with Allah is better and more lasting for those who believe, and who put their trust in their Lord.

 

    Since our life span is limited, what we utilize and enjoy is for a limited time.  And if all that we see on earth is only a small measure compared to what is in Paradise, try to imagine how enormous the available attractions are in Heaven!

    Man cannot grasp the magnitude of this point.  In Paradise there are, on an everlasting basis, thousands-of-times more fantastic attractions than what is available on earth!

    But the marvelous Paradise is only for those who qualify.  It is for those who earn it.  They are the believers, since through the belief in Allah they will be on the right path.

    Faith brings them peace of mind, a life without anxiety, or fear.

    It is a faith directed to the noble goalAllah, and Allah's service, with no strings attached.  Such a believer puts his trust in Allah and totally relies upon Him.

 

وَالَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الإثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ وَإِذَا مَا غَضِبُوا هُمْ يَغْفِرُونَ    go to top of page

Such a staunch believer deserves the bounty in Paradise.  who shun the major sins and offenses;

and, when angry they will forgive

 

    A believer is one with purity of heart.  Deep faith goes hand in hand with goodness of character and conduct (along the lines of Islamic ethics).

A believer avoids major vices and sinful acts to the best of his ability.

A believer is also a forgiving and understanding person, who exhibits self-control when angry.  Anger is an emotion which often leads to bad things said or done, but not all anger is bad.  After all, anger is part of man's nature, and it is okay to be angry for:

       the sake of Allah,

       Allah's religion (Islam),

       man's rights, or

       the sake of justice.

But anger for minor things can and should be controlled.  If it cannot be controlled then the offended should forgive his offender.

 

وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلاةَ    go to top of page

وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَى بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ     

who respond to their Lord, establish Salat, (conduct) their affairs with consultation among themselves; who spend from what We have provided them

 

    This Ayah enumerates some qualities of the staunch believer:

The believer will respond to the call of Allah, his Lord.

The higher the believer reaches in purifying his inner self, the easier he will find it to respond to Allah's call.

A believer is one who establishes regular Salat, since Salat is the first response to the call of faith.  Salat is the link between Allah and His subject.  Salat is obedience to Allah and a way of showing commitment and submission to Him.

To resolve matters a believer holds council for mutual consultation.  This is a fundamental requirement of the Muslim community life.  It is the earliest form of democracy, reflecting the importance Islam gives to expression of thoughts and mutual exchange of ideas.  The process is called Shoora and in an Islamic community, or government, it is of utmost importance.

A believer spends for the sake of Islam.  Spending is an essential part of the welfare of the Muslim community.  The call for Islam cannot succeed without it.  Giving is an expression of faith.  It helps to purify and sanctify the self.

 

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَهُمُ الْبَغْيُ هُمْ يَنتَصِرُونَ    go to top of page

and those who, when great wrong is done to them seek to help (defend) themselves

 

    A believer likes justice, fairness, and righteous authorities in the community.  A believer likes the community spirit to be one of righteousness, modesty, kindness, and mercy.

    But if there is brutality or tyranny a believer would do his best to rise against it and correct it.  The rise against ruthlessness and tyranny in any form, anywhere, is part of the faith of Islam.  It is a rise against the inhumane and the evil.  If it is done collectively and whenever the occasion dictates it will give the tyrants a lot to think about.  Better still, rising against it can remove the source of tyranny and ruthlessness, thus ridding the community of a destructive source.  The Muslim community in its true sense is one which enjoins what is good, and fights what is evil.

 

وَجَزَاء سَيِّئَةٍ سَيِّئَةٌ مِّثْلُهَا فَمَنْ عَفَا وَأَصْلَحَ فَأَجْرُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ   go to top of page

The retribution of evil is the equal of evil (done); but he who forgives and amends, his recompense is with Allah.

 

    Observing justice in a strict manner, a bad deed dealt to someone should be returned by a similar one of the same magnitude.  When someone does something bad, something of similar nature and degree should be done to him in return.

    A recompense of bad for bad, in a strictly fair manner, will discourage evil in general.  It inflicts on the persons the same degree of hurt they inflict on others.  But while this is correct it is still better to forgive and overlook.  To forgive, a believer gains meritorious points (Hasanaat) with Allah, as Allah has promised.  When he is in a position to exact retribution, but instead chooses to forgive for the sake of Allah, the believer will have controlled himself and be candidate to receive compensation from Allah.

 

 إِنَّهُ لا يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ    go to top of page

Surely Allah does not like those who offend

 

    A person who does a bad deed is an offender.  An offender should be stopped or dealt back in a similar way.  This Ayah reminds us that Allah does not like offenders.  Through faith people are urged to control themselves, to fear Allah, and, to observe their duty toward Him.

 

 

This selection in brief:   go to top of page

  1. What is available on earth is a small fraction of what is available in Paradise, be it in measure, variety, or quality.

  2. What is with Allah is eternal, permanent and much superior.

  3. The deserving believers will be those who:

    1. avoid misdeeds and offenses,

    2. forgive when they are angry,

    3. respond to the call of their Lord,

    4. establish Salat,

    5. resolve matters by mutual consultation,

    6. spend of their earnings in the cause of Allah, and

    7. rise against oppression.

  4. A bad deed is to be returned by a similar one but the one who forgives and does good, his recompense from Allah will be great.

  5. Allah does not like offenders.

 

 

 MEANING OF WORDS    go to top of page

what you are

فَمَا

given

أُوتِيتُم

of anything

مِّن شَيْءٍ

is a provision 

فَمَتَاعُ

 

life 

الْحَيَاةِ

 

this world

الدُّنْيَا

but what

وَمَا

 

with

عِندَ

 

Allah

اللَّهِ

better 

خَيْرٌ

 

and more lasting

وَأَبْقَى

 

for those

لِلَّذِينَ

who believe 

آمَنُوا

 

and upon

وَعَلَى

 

their Lord 

رَبِّهِمْ

put their trust 

يَتَوَكَّلُونَ

 

who 

وَالَّذِينَ

 

shun

يَجْتَنِبُونَ

major

كَبَائِرَ

 

sins

الإثْمِ

 

and offenses 

وَالْفَوَاحِشَ

and when 

وَإِذَا

 

become angry

مَا غَضِبُوا

 

they

هُمْ

will forgive 

يَغْفِرُونَ

 

who 

وَالَّذِينَ

 

respond 

اسْتَجَابُوا

their Lord 

لِرَبِّهِمْ

 

establish 

وَأَقَامُوا

 

Salat

الصَّلاةَ

conduct their affairs 

وَأَمْرُهُمْ

 

consultation 

شُورَى

 

among themselves

بَيْنَهُمْ

who

وَمِمَّا

 

We have provided them 

رَزَقْنَاهُمْ

 

spend 

يُنفِقُونَ

who 

وَالَّذِينَ

 

when

إِذَا

 

is done to them

أَصَابَهُمُ

great wrong 

الْبَغْيُ

 

they

هُمْ

 

will rise against it

يَنتَصِرُونَ

retribution 

وَجَزَاء

 

evil

سَيِّئَةٍ

 

similar 

سَيِّئَةٌ

but he who

فَمَنْ

 

forgives

عَفَا

 

and amends

وَأَصْلَحَ

his recompense

فَأَجْرُهُ

 

is with  

عَلَى

 

Allah

اللَّهِ

Surely Allah

إِنَّهُ

 

does not 

لا

 

likes 

يُحِبُّ

those who offend 

الظَّالِمِينَ

 

 

 

 

 

 

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